Balancing Citizenship of Insiders and Outsiders

September 2013 – April 2017
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This project is part of ‘All Rights Reserved? Barriers towards EUropean CITIZENship (bEUcitizen)’, a European research project involving a consortium of 26 universities coordinated by Utrecht University. bEU is a multinational and multidisciplinary project that aims to identify and analyse the ‘barriers’ to exercising the rights conferred by European citizenship. The project consists of 12 different work packages (WPs) exploring different elements of the issue, each with their own research objective and focus. Bridget Anderson and Isabel Shutes co-ordinate Work Package 10 (WP10).

WP10 explores how ‘citizenship’ is both a legal and a normative status through focussing on the intersections between EU mobility, naturalisation and welfare benefits. It aims to develop a framework for comparing rights and obligations of citizens/non-citizens, highlighting formal and informal processes of inclusion/exclusion, and formal and normative status of citizenship. It examines the increasingly complex institutional framework through which rights (and obligations) within welfare states and labour markets are stratified among formal citizens, as well as between citizens and non-citizens. It also looks to provide a comparative analysis of the interactions between the restructuring of labour markets and welfare states, citizenship and immigration, across and within the five European countries (UK, Croatia, Ireland, the Netherlands and Spain) and one non-EU country (Israel) involved in the project.


Bridget Anderson
Sarah Walker
Isabel Shutes (London School of Economics)


European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)