The key message of the AMICALL project is that the local matters. Places differ, and the integration challenges vary by locality, at every geographical scale. Local leadership on integration is therefore essential. Although the landscape mapped by the research was very uneven, we found striking examples of Local and Regional Authorities (LRAs) taking a lead in integration, even where national governments were retreating from the field. In a context marked by high levels of anti-immigrant sentiment across Europe, LRAs have a vital role in ensuring that receiving societies play their part in creating the conditions for integration.