Early Legal Advice for Protection Applicants

September 2012 – June 2014
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The ‘Early Legal Advice’ (ELA) research project was undertaken to examine the provision of legal advice to people seeking international protection in three EU Member States: Estonia, the Republic of Ireland and the UK. It focussed on the impact of ELA on the determination of protection claims in very different EU member states, with variations in terms of numbers seeking asylum, the countries from which asylum seekers come and different administrative systems for the determination of asylum claims. It was conducted with a view to encouraging collaboration between legal advisers, case owners, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and asylum seekers, and moving away from the current, often adversarial, model.

Principal Investigator

Bridget Anderson
Sue Conlan (Irish Refugee Council)


Emma Dunlop (Oxford)
Sanober Umar (Oxford)


European Program for Integration and Migration (EPIM)