Hilary 2021

Citizenship by Investment: Law, policy, and sociology

Thursdays 4:00pm - 5:15pm

Convened by: Madeleine Sumption & Dimitry Kochenov

Over the past 15 years, a growing number of countries have offered residence or citizenship in return for a financial investment or even just a payment. While residence by investment programmes have been common for many years in high-income countries, the recent development of citizenship by investment (CBI) programmes in the European Union—and particularly in Malta—has attracted much controversy. This seminar series takes a multi-disciplinary approach to examine the implications and impacts of citizenship by investment, bringing together scholars from law, sociology, politics and history.

Further readings on each of the seminar topics can be found here.

For any questions about the seminar series, please email info@compas.ox.ac.uk


28 January

Residence and citizenship by investment: understanding recent trends

Christian Joppke, University of Bern
Kristin Surak, London School of Economics

Christian Joppke holds a chair in sociology at the University of Bern, Switzerland. He received a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Berkeley in 1989. Previously he taught at the University of Southern California, European University Institute, University of British Columbia, International University Bremen, and American University of Paris. He has also held research fellowships at Georgetown University and the Russell Sage Foundation, New York. Among his books are Neoliberal Nationalism (CUP 2021), Is Multiculturalism Dead? (Polity 2017), The Secular State Under Siege (Polity 2015), Citizenship and Immigration (Cambridge: Polity, 2010), Veil: Mirror of Identity (Cambridge: Polity, 2009), and Selecting by Origin: Ethnic Migration in the Liberal State (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005).

Kristin Surak joined the London School of Economics in 2020 from SOAS University of London where she was a Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) of Japanese Politics. Her research on international migration, nationalism, and political sociology has been translated into a half-dozen languages. In addition to publishing in major academic and intellectual journals, she also writes regularly for popular outlets, including the London Review of Books, New Statesman, New Left Review, and Washington Post. She is the author of Making Tea, Making Japan: Cultural Nationalism in Practice (Stanford University Press 2013), which received the Book of the Year Award from the American Sociological Association’s Asian Section. Her book Citizenship 4 Sale: Millionaires, Microstates, and Mobility will be published by Harvard University Press in 2021


11 February

Citizenship, status, and money: from medieval times to the present

Maarten Prak, University of Utrecht
Suryapratim Roy, Trinity College Dublin

Maarten Prak is Professor of Social and Economic History at the Department of History and Art History, Utrecht University, Netherlands. He is an expert in early modern history, having authored and edited numerous publications on Dutch national history, comparative history of Europe, and global history. His research work has focused on topics like citizenship, institutions, cultural industries, guilds and human capital. His latest monograph is Citizens without Nations: Urban Citizenship in Europe and the World c. 1000-1789 (Cambridge University Press, 2018).

Suryapratim Roy is Assistant Professor in Regulatory Law at Trinity College Dublin. He lectures on Environmental Law on the LLB Programme and Law & Risk on the LLM Programme. Prior to this, he taught wrote on climate law, economics of regulation and development studies at the University of Groningen. Before joining academia, he was a researcher with the South African Institute of International Affairs in Johannesburg and practised infrastructure law in the Mumbai offices of Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A. Shroff & Co.


25 February

Citizenship by investment and international law

Peter J. Spiro, Temple University
Audrey Macklin, University of Toronto

Peter J. Spiro holds the Charles Weiner Chair in international law at Temple University. Before joining Temple’s faculty in 2006, Professor Spiro was Rusk Professor of Law at the University of Georgia Law School. A former law clerk to Justice David H. Souter of the U.S. Supreme Court, Spiro specializes in international, immigration, and constitutional law. Spiro is the author of Beyond Citizenship: American Identity After Globalization (Oxford University Press 2008), At Home in Two Countries: The Past and Future of Dual Citizenship (NYU Press 2016), and Citizenship: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press 2019). He has contributed commentary to such publications as The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, The Wall Street Journal, and The New Republic, and is frequently quoted in the media on international and immigration law issues.

Audrey Macklin is a professor at the Faculty of Law. She holds law degrees from Yale and Toronto, and a bachelor of science degree from Alberta. Professor Macklin’s teaching areas include criminal law, administrative law, and immigration and refugee law. Her research and writing interests include transnational migration, citizenship, forced migration, feminist and cultural analysis, and human rights. She has published on these subjects in journals such as Refuge and Canadian Woman Studies, and in collections of essays such as The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Bill and Engendering Forced Migration.


11 March

The law and ethics of selling citizenship

Ayelet Shachar, Max Planck Göttingen
Odile Ammann, University of Zürich

Ayelet Shachar (FRSC) is Professor of Law, Political Science, and Global Affairs, and the holder of the R.F. Harney Chair in Ethnic, Immigration and Pluralism Studies at the University of Toronto, where she directs the Harney Program at the Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy. Shachar has published extensively on the topics of citizenship theory, immigration law, cultural diversity and gender equality, new bordering regimes, highly skilled migration and global inequality, and the marketization of citizenship. Her research is motivated by the need to develop new legal principles to address some of the most pressing issues of our time: how to live together in diverse societies, how to grant rights to those who lack formal access to membership, and how to tame the ever-expanding reach of borders and migration control in a world of persistent inequality.

Odile Ammann is a postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in public law at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, where she is currently working on a monograph on the constitutional foundations of parliamentary lobby regulation in Europe and in the United States. She is the author of Domestic Courts and the Interpretation of International Law: Methods and Reasoning Based on the Swiss Example (Brill 2019). Odile Ammann holds a PhD in law from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland (2017), and an LLM from Harvard Law School (2016). She has completed various research stays, including at the University of Oxford in 2016-2017. Her main fields of research are public international law, EU law, comparative constitutional law, and legal theory. Her recent publications focus on topics such as lobbying and corruption, the relationship between legal scholarship and politics, and meritocratic discourse in citizenship law.


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Special Guest Seminars

Trinity Term 2019

In Discussion with Gulwali Passarlay

MSc. Student-led Series

Four one-off seminars

Trinity Term 2018

Beyond Impact?

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Talking Oxford

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Migration Research – where next?

Michaelmas Term 2016

Wellbeing and Migration in the UK

Michaelmas Term 2015

Arrival Cities

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Borders of the welfare state

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Boundaries of Freedom

Hilary term 2014

Rethinking Migration

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Migration Journeys

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Gender, Migration and Citizenship

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Immigration and Low-wage Labour Markets

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Migration, Welfare and Inequalities

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Migration and Cultural Production

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Critical Epistemologies of Migration

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New Trends in Contemporary Migration

New Trends in Contemporary Migration

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Perspectives on African Migration

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States and Emigrants

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Racism and the new immigration: theories and practices

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The Anthropology of Migration and Multiculturalism

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