Local Entrepreneurship Through a Multistakeholders’ Tourism Living Lab in the Post-Violence/Peripheral Era in the Basque Country Igor Calzada

Introduction

This paper examines a transformative tourism case study driven by local entrepreneurship in the coastal and post-violence/peripheral village of Zumaia, in the Basque Country (Spain). This paper aims at addressing an innovative methodology called ‘Tourism Living Lab through Multistakeholders’ Penta Helix framework’ in response to a globalised trend of increasing visitors. The result shows democratic tourism policy-making practices at the local level, including (i) a participatory strategic formulation process (ii) by fostering a local entrepreneurial ecosystem to overcome ‘tourism-phobia’ (iii) while renewing local identity (iv) through bridging social capital for a new post-violence era in the Basque Country.

Citation

Calzada, I. (2018), Local Entrepreneurship Through a Multistakeholders’ Tourism Living Lab in the Post-Violence/Peripheral Era in the Basque Country. Regional Science Policy & Practice 1-16. In the Special Issue ‘Local Entrepreneurship and tourism: policies and practices in peripheral areas’. DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12130.