This paper reviews the research evidence on homelessness and destitution amongst migrants, regarding its causes, affected groups and the interventions used by cities and their partner agencies to address it. The review finds that homelessness most often results from adverse life events, such as eviction and relationship breakdown, coupled with structural conditions that put individuals and families in financially vulnerable situations. For settled populations, interventions can draw on the broader support of the welfare state and the potential of labour markets; however, for migrants excluded from such services or rights, a limited number of policy tools are at the disposal of cities and their partner agencies. As such, interventions tend to focus on the provision of advice, and a number of specialised services have been developed across Europe to meet the needs of this sub-group of the homeless population.
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