The labour market outcomes of migrant workers are typically different from those of native workers. Several factors may be responsible for this, usually identified in the various educational/skill levels – generally, the different socio-demographic backgrounds – and the lack of fluency in the host-country language. However, even when comparing migrants with native-born individuals homogeneous in terms of observed characteristics, other unobservable factors – e.g. the non-transferability of skills that migrants have acquired in their home country; discriminatory practices excluding migrants from the most qualifying jobs, attitudes of migrants who might be available to accept low-skilled or low-paid jobs where demand is high and the supply of local workforce is scarce – may still be responsible for different labour market patterns and outcomes.
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