Enforcement refers to the range of measures that can be exercised on non-citizens in order to require them to comply with immigration controls. It takes place both at the border and within state territory, and can also be outsourced to third countries. As well as detention and deportation (see above) it includes processes such as identity checks, workplace raids and border policing.


Border Security: Discourses and Practices in the UK

Bastian Vollmer | April 2013 – 2016

Does Immigration Enforcement Matter (DIEM)?

Franck Düvell, Iryna Lapshyna and Myriam Cherti | November 2013 - July 2017

Undocumented Migrant Children in the UK

Nando Sigona and Vanessa Hughes | January 2010 – June 2012