Deportation can be legally distinguished from ‘removal’ but both refer to individual non-citizens being required to leave state territory. In some instances this can be termed ‘voluntary return’. In many states non-citizens can be subject to immigration detention, often in order to ensure departure. For some states, including the UK, detention can be indefinite. In theory citizens should be protected from both detention and deportation.
Ben Gidley, Rob McNeil and Emma Newcombe
Bridget Anderson and Sue Conlan
Luke de Noronha
Bridget Anderson | September 2012 – June 2014
Bridget Anderson | Sept 2008 – Dec 2009
Bridget Anderson | February – December 2013