Citizenship refers to both legal status and to non-legal ideas of community, membership and belonging. It is also associated with rights deriving from legal status and more informal belonging. The relation between legal status, membership and rights is highly contested and varies considerably between different states.



Journal Articles

Who Counts in Crises? The New Geopolitics of International Migration and Refugee Governance

William Allen, Bridget Anderson, Nicholas Van Hear, Madeleine Sumption, Franck Düvell, Lena Rose, Jennifer Hough, Rachel Humphris, and Sarah Walker

Working Papers

Other Publications


Action towards inclusion in Europe

Sarah Spencer and Nathan Grassi | December 2014 - June 2016

Balancing Citizenship of Insiders and Outsiders

COMPAS Communications | September 2013 – April 2017

Border Security: Discourses and Practices in the UK

COMPAS Communications | April 2013 – 2016

Citizenship and Integration in the UK

COMPAS Communications | 2010 – 2011

Exploring Migration: Research and Drama in Schools

COMPAS Communications | October 2014 – September 2015

H2020-Smart Cities and Communities-REPLICATE lighthouse project

COMPAS Communications | February 2016 – January 2021

Political Engagements of Latin American Immigrants in the UK

admin@compas | July 2004 – June 2006