Citizenship refers to both legal status and to non-legal ideas of community, membership and belonging. It is also associated with rights deriving from legal status and more informal belonging. The relation between legal status, membership and rights is highly contested and varies considerably between different states.



Working Papers

Other Publications


Action for Inclusion in Europe

Sarah Spencer, Caroline Oliver, Ben Gidley, Jonathan Price and Nathan Grassi | December 2014 - June 2016

Balancing Citizenship of Insiders and Outsiders

Bridget Anderson and Sarah Walker | September 2013 – September 2016

Border Security: Discourses and Practices in the UK

Bastian Vollmer | April 2013 – ongoing

Citizenship and Integration in the UK

Ben Gidley | 2010 – 2011

Exploring Migration: Research and Drama in Schools

Bridget Anderson, Vanessa Hughes and Ida Persson | October 2014 – September 2015

Political Engagements of Latin American Immigrants in the UK

Davide Pero | July 2004 – June 2006

The employment and working conditions of migrant domestic workers in South East Asia

Bridget Anderson and Emma Newcombe | August 2015 - June 2016