Diaspora Engagement Policies: What are they, and what kinds of states use them?

Alan Gamlen

Abstract

This paper presents an original typology of diaspora engagement policies intended to facilitate comparative research. The typology is arises from a two part argument: a) that diaspora engagement policies consist of a diversity of measures aimed at (re)producing citizen-sovereign relationships with expatriates, and b) that these measures can be coordinated as part of states' attempts to manage the scale of their political and economic manoeuvres. By using the typology to systematically review the diaspora engagement policies of over 70 states, the paper questions four key assumptions in existing literature on diaspora engagement policies, establishing that they are compatible with two models of citizenship, and arguing that they are not confined to any one kind of state.

Keywords: Emigration, transnationalism, engaging diasporas, diaspora engagement policies, global nations policies, deterritorialized nation-states, citizenship, sovereignty, governmentality

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